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Found in a broad spectrum of autoimmune diseases, including PBC, AIM (DM), as well as other inflammatory conditions.
If PBC is clinically suspected, it is recommended to perform follow-up tests for anti-Sp100 (and PML/ Sp140) antibodies; in particular anti-Sp100 antibodies have the best clinical association with PBC and have added value, especially when associated with AMA; the Sp100 (and PML-Sp140) antigen is included in disease specific immunoassays (ie, liver profile).
If DM is clinically suspected, it is recommended to perform a follow-up test for anti-MJ/NXP-2 antibodies; these anti-MJ/NXP-2 antibodies are highly specific for AIM, are found in up to one third of patients with juvenile DM, and have been reported to be associated with malignancies in adult AIM patients; the antigen is included in disease specific immunoassays (i.e., inflammatory myopathy profile).